Orthopedics is a term related to the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedics surgery is a treatment provided to the musculoskeletal system of the human body where experts in the arena work to heal damaged bones. An adult human body has 206 bones and they can be fractured or damaged at any point in time of life. This could be due to an injury while playing a sport or during an accident. Doctors with knowledge about orthopedics can help people in pain and provide them with the perfect treatment to fix their broken bones, joints, or problem with their body structure. In some cases where the injury is not serious, the problem is fixed through physical therapy. But when the bone or joint is broken, there are orthopedic implants to get relief.
What Are Orthopedic Implants And Why They Are Needed?
In the situation of a deteriorated joint, orthopedic implants come to the rescue as a replacement to the damaged joint. Made from titanium alloys and stainless steel, which is then lined with plastic, these implants provide fixation of bones or replace articulating surfaces in different joints of the body. While the metal provides strength to the implant, the plastic surface plays the role of an artificial cartilage. After fitting the implants into position, the bone is allowed to grow into it to give it strength. Moreover, the implants may also be cemented to provide an increased adhesion. The joints in a body that are most affected by loss or damage of cartilage are the knee, hip, elbow, and shoulder joints and implants are generally designed in a manner that they have the capability to withstand stress and movement caused by every type of joint.
To cater to these multifarious needs, there are varied orthopedic instruments available that guide the insertion and positioning of the joints in their place within the body. These include wires, safety locking plates, pins, external fixators, safety locking plates, interlocking nails, bone screws, spinal implants, surgical drills, bone cutting instruments, and so on. These instruments have been a highly beneficial device for improving the life of people facing problems with their joints and bones.
Role Of Orthopedic Surgical Instruments For Surgeon
To fix the damaged or broken bones, surgeons use various types of instruments whose usage depends on the seriousness of the problem and its location inside the human body. Orthopedic surgeries are carried out to ensure the broken part of a bone starts working again effectively and restores the skeletal system functions. To ensure that the much-needed support is given to the broken part, surgeons use specially designed tools, which human body supports, with special properties and functions. During the surgery, these tools are used as assistance to perform the operation systematically and handle it properly.
These surgeon-assisting tools have been developed in a way that they could be adopted by the human body in a sophisticated way and help to give improved results. Orthopedic surgeries may include surgery of hip, hand, foot or other parts of the body, and instruments used during the surgery are selected according to their placement. The various kinds of orthopedic surgical instruments are:
Bone Instruments: As bones are among the hardest body parts, it is not easy to cut or make changes in them. Instruments used during the orthopedic surgeries, where these bones are concerned, are made up of strong material. For example, an asternal saw is a reciprocating bone cutter that the surgeons use to cut skull or ribs. On the other hand, rongeurs cut small bones and Cosotome is used to cut rib.
Tissue Instruments: These tools are used to redevelop broken tissues. Clamps, retractors, and scissors are some of them. They are used to stop bleeding, hold back tissues and also for cutting purpose.
Prosthesis: Various types of common instruments are used during the orthopedic surgeries, and they are: Calipers, chisels, power tools and glue. They have different roles to perform, but a common among them is supporting the surgical procedure.
Growing Demand for Orthopedic Devices
While the orthopedic implant industry has witnessed a steady growth in the past, the demand is expected to grow exponentially in the coming years as well. There is not a single factor but a number of reasons that compliment and contribute to each other which are responsible for this rising demand of orthopedic devices. This growth in the market has urged manufacturers and suppliers of these implants and instruments to invest in upgrading their factories as well as training facilities to give impetus to innovative new products for dealing with common orthopedic problems.
The general factors which have increased the demand for orthopedic implants are as follows:
With lifestyle changes such as bad eating habits, excessive weight, and lack of exercise, a large part of the global population is struggling with obesity and other health problems. These unhealthy eating habits are more accounted in not only The United States but also in emerging economies of China, India, Middle East, and other Asian countries. This unhealthy lifestyle leads to further orthopedic problems caused by wearing down of the bone and joint cartilage. While there are other minor physiological treatments which can be used, the surgical implant is the last resort when a person does not shift to a healthy lifestyle and leads to a severity of the situation.
Since orthopedic problems such as osteoporosis, bone injuries, and osteoarthritis are more commonly seen in old people, the rising growth in the elderly population accounts for rising demand for orthopedic implants. With a rise in the number of senior citizens, the number of hip fractures, broken legs and arms, ligament tears, and weakening knees and other joints is expected to increase as well. This naturally poses more stress on the orthopedic industry, thereby increasing the need for more implants and other orthopedic instruments and trauma devices.
Since these implants and fixators are receiving an increased acceptance from the people, their demand is also increasing. The medical industry and numerous manufacturers and companies are increasing their investment in the innovation and development of enhanced implants and devices, thereby increasing their success and marking a continuous growth.
Additionally, the growth of the healthcare industry and an increase in the number of multi-specialty hospitals has also augmented the growth of the market for orthopedic implants. This is more seen in the growing economies of the Asian countries.
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